Data bases and online resources

The project will also be able to draw on documentary resources offered by various data Bases and Online information centres.

 

ESMA Trial

On November 28th 2012, the most significant trial in Argentine history commenced. Centred on crimes committed at the Superior School of Mechanics of the Navy (ESMA) from 1976 to 1983, a period during which approximately 30,000 people were killed in Argentina, the trial will involve 88 defendants and 800 victims. It will be the largest trial to date in Argentina. Despite the importance of this and the other trials in Argentina that have been held since the Argentine Supreme Court declared the impunity laws and amnesties unconstitutional in 2005, there is little English language information about the trials taking place in this country. The Argentina Trial Monitor (ATM) project seeks to address this situation.

The Argentina Trial Monitor will be jointly run by the Center for Genocide Studies at the Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero (UNTREF) in Argentina and the Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights-UNESCO Chair for Genocide Prevention at Rutgers University in the United States, with the assistance of some Argentine human rights organizations such as Asociación de Ex Detenidos Desaparecidos and Comisión de Familiares de Campo de Mayo andCasapueblosand affiliated Rutgers partners, including the Translation and Interpreting Program in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese.

As part of its on-going research on the Argentina trials, the UNTREF Center will produce Spanish-language background briefs and weekly synopses of the ESMA trials. The Center at Rutgers, in turn, will translate the briefs and post them on the English-language ATM website as well as on this blog. In addition, the Rutgers Center will work increase awareness about the trials among English language scholars and the media. To this end, it will also produce additional policy briefs and trial-related materials. In addition to on-going coverage of the ESMA trial, the ATM project will also seek to compile a resource database on past trials. As such, it will become the English language website on the trials in Argentina. More broadly, the Argentina Trial Monitor will increase our awareness and understanding of the important trials taking place in Argentina, ones that have contributed greatly to the search for truth and justice in the aftermath of mass violence.

For a detailed report on the ESMA trial please follow the link here. The website contains day to day reports of the trial, provides historical and judicial context, and further information on the court proceedings.

http://esmatrial.wordpress.com/

Adam Jones Global Photo Archive

Potocari Photo ADAM JONESJones' photographs are posted under a Creative Commons license to hisFlickr page online, and can be freely used in any of your educational or publication projects, if appropriate credit is provided. High-resolution versions of any of his full-colour photos can be downloaded for publication or exhibition. Click on the "..." symbol at bottom right of any photo, and choose "View All Sizes" then "Original" to access the hi-res version.
Rwanda
In 2012, Jones photographed extensively around Rwanda and inside particular genocide memorial sites. These images are available under a Creative Commons license for the general Rwanda shots (see http://www.flickr.com/photos/adam_jones/sets/72157630785425198/), and a slightly more restrictive license for the interiors of genocide memorials (see http://www.flickr.com/photos/adam_jones/sets/72157630919887160/ -- caution: graphic content).
Poland
Majdanek concentration camp (http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=41000732@N04&q=majdanek): the first major camp to be liberated by Soviet forces, Majdanek is well-preserved to the present. It includes the only two intact Nazi gas chambers that were actually used in mass killings (Dachau has one that was never used; those in Auschwitz-Birkenau's crematoria were demolished/dynamited by the Nazis; those of the Operation Reinhard death camps -- Belzec, Treblinka, Sobibor -- were dismantled with the rest of the camp infrastructure before evacuation.) Majdanek is not generally classed as a "death camp" (a purpose-built extermination centre), but about 78,000 prisoners are believed to have been murdered there.
The Lodz gallery (http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=41000732@N04&q=lodz) includes photos from sites associated with the Litzmannstadt (Lodz) ghetto during the Second World War (http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=41000732@N04&q=litzmannstadt); the principal Jewish cemetery, largest in Europe; and the Radegast train station from which Jews were deported to death camps (http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=41000732@N04&q=radegast).

Janja Bec-Neumann's MA Course

War Crimes, Genocide and Memories / The Roots of Evil: I Want to Understand

Course established in 2002 for the ERMA (European Regional Master in Human Rights and Democracy in Southeast Europe) at the Center for Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Studies  of the University of Sarajevo.   Available on line : http://www.war-crimes-genocide-memories.org/ 7 thematic & documentary volumes (among them Gender in War, Community of Murder, Rape: Assymetrical warfare) available on line here. 13 key note lectures available on line here.

Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence

In France, the Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence brings together a set of chronological indexes, case studies and theoretical papers which will assist directly the work of the project. http://www.massviolence.org/

USHMM data base

In the USA, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum located in Washington DC, is providing an Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos (1933-1945) and various type of archives.   Research in collection on line here.

Fortunoff Video Archive

In the USA, the Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies is a collection of over 4,400 videotaped interviews with witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust, among them are testimonies from those who took part in the disposal of bodies, as sonderkommmando members or as part of the death brigades - those who disinterred bodies, burned them, ground the bones, and hid mass grave sites. Part of Yale University's department of Manuscripts and Archives, the archive is located at Sterling Memorial Library, in New-Haven (CT). See here for the catalogue and research guide.

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

Report on the situation of human rights in Argentina

In recent years, both before and after the March 1976 military takeover, the IACHR has received denunciations of serious violations of human rights in Argentina, which it has processed according to its regulations. In addition on a number of occasions, it has informed representatives of the Argentine Government of its concern about the increase in the number of denunciations, and about information received from various sources that comprises a pattern of serious, generalized and systematic violations of basic human rights and freedoms.

In light of this situation, the IACHR decided to prepare the present report, and when it informed the Argentine Government of this decision, the Commission also advised it of its interest in conducting an on-site observation in Argentina, in the belief that this is the most suitable method of determining precisely and objectively the status of human rights in a particular country at a particular time in history.

Please follow the link here for the full report published by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Argentina.

Open Society Archives

The Open Society Archives (OSA) at Central European University is an archival laboratory. While actively collecting, preserving, and making openly accessible documents related to recent history and human rights, we continue to experiment with new ways to contextualize primary sources, developing innovative tools to explore, represent, or bridge traditional archival collections in a digital environment. The collection is an essential source on the post-war political, social, and economic history of the European region. We also hold the personal papers of a range of political, cultural, and counter-culture figures from the Cold War Era to the present and several series of Soviet, Polish and Hungarian underground literature, which when taken together constitute one the world's largest samizdat collections. The fonds are created by non-governmental and supra-governmental organizations as well as individuals active in post-war Central and Eastern Europe documenting human rights violations and war crimes. Most important among these fonds are the UN Expert Commission on Investigating War Crimes in the Former Yugoslavia, the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHF), Index on Censorship as well as the Physicians for Human Rights (PHR).